Fire Prevention & Safety
The easiest fire to put out is the one you prevent. Please read our "Making Your Property Fire Safe" brochure to learn more!
- Proper Placement of Smoke Detectors In Home
Smoke detectors are one of the most important safety features of any home. As the name implies, smoke detectors sound an alarm to alert inhabitants of the home to the presence of smoke that may be caused by a fire. Proper placement of smoke detectors, therefore, is key so you are always alerted to the presence of smoke.
- Number of Smoke Detectors
At the very least, you will want to use at least one smoke detector for each bedroom. The ideally protected house is one that also has a detector in the living room, and any other living area. Also place detectors in hallways that connect each bedroom to each other. You can place detectors near, but not in kitchens. Each level of the home should be protected with smoke detectors.
Place smoke detectors either on the ceiling facing downward at the floor or high on the wall facing the inside of the room. Whichever type of placement you choose, make sure to not place a detector in a corner, smoke tends not to collect in these so-called “dead corners”. If you choose the wall placement, make sure to leave at least 4 to 6 inches clearance between the detector and the ceiling, but do not place them any lower than that.
Never install a smoke detector near a venting duct used by a central heat system. Vents can blow smoke away from the detector, inhibiting its ability to detect the smoke. To save yourself trouble in the long run, spend some time choosing a location for the smoke detector that meets all safety requirements discussed above but that is also easily accessible for maintenance and battery replacement. Change batteries at least once a year.
Fire Pits Within The City
· Fire pits must be 3 feet or less in diameter (including the height of the fire).
· Fire pits must be used for recreation-cooking food, socializing, etc. They cannot be used for burning trash, yard waste etc.
· There must be a ten foot clearing from the fire pit in all directions. This includes overhanging trees, bushes, weeds, furniture and/or any structure.
· Fires must be attended at all times.
· You must have a way to extinguish the fire with you at all times, i.e.: a hose, shovel, and dirt or an extinguisher
Understanding the Risk
What is carbon monoxide?
Carbon monoxide is an odorless, colorless and toxic gas. Because it is impossible to see, taste or smell the toxic fumes, CO can kill you before you are aware it is in your home. At lower levels of exposure, CO causes mild effects that are often mistaken for the flu. These symptoms include headaches, dizziness, disorientation, nausea and fatigue. The effects of CO exposure can vary greatly from person to person depending on age, overall health and the concentration and length of exposure.
Where does carbon monoxide come from?
CO gas can come from several sources: gas-fired appliances, charcoal grills, wood-burning furnaces or fireplaces and motor vehicles.
Who is at risk?
Everyone is at risk for CO poisoning. Medical experts believe that unborn babies, infants, children, senior citizens and people with heart or lung problems are at even greater risk for CO poisoning. Protect ourself and our family from CO poisoning install at least one carbon monoxide alarm with an audible warning signal near the sleeping areas and outside individual bedrooms. Make sure the alarm has been evaluated by a nationally recognized laboratory, such as Underwriters Laboratories (UL). Carbon monoxide alarms measure levels of CO over time and are designed to sound an alarm before an average, healthy adult would experience symptoms. It is very possible that you may not be experiencing symptoms when you hear the alarm. This does not mean that CO is not present.
Have a qualified professional check all fuel burning appliances, furnaces, venting and chimney systems at least once a year.
Never use your range or oven to help heat your home and never use a charcoal grill or hibachi in your home or garage.
Never keep a car running in a garage. Even if the garage doors are open, normal circulation will not provide enough fresh air to reliably prevent a dangerous buildup of CO.
When purchasing an existing home, have a qualified technician evaluate the integrity of the heating and cooking systems, as well as the sealed spaces between the garage and house. The presence of a carbon monoxide alarm in your home can save your life in the event of CO buildup.
If your carbon monoxide alarm activates call 911.
Are you prepared for a Natural Disaster?
The Wellington Fire/EMS Department is committed in educating residents by providing public awareness of what to do in case of a natural disaster.
"Shelter in Place"
In the event of a hazardous materials release the fire or police department may ask residents to "shelter in place" or stay indoors until the release can be contained. To shelter in place means to stay in hour home, close all windows and doors, bring your pets in, and turn off your heating and air conditioning. Stay indoors, and monitor television and radio announcements for further instructions. Shelter in place is preferable to evacuation when it is not feasible to move a large amount of people in a short period of time, or to expose them to a hazardous material. Do not hesitate to call 911 if there is an emergency during the shelter in place order.
An evacuation order may be authorized by the fire or police departments. An evacuation order will be given in the event residents need to leave their homes quickly, but in a calm and orderly fashion. A shelter location such as a church, school, or other property will be detailed in the evacuation order. You can also seek shelter at a family or friends home that is far away from the emergency incident. Pets are usually not allowed in shelters so make sure you have a pre-arranged place for your pet to stay. If an evacuation order is given please take only essential items or your family disaster care kit with you, lock your home, and leave immediately. If you do not have transportation, emergency responders will arrange transportation. Know two ways out of your residential area in case one is blocked. Monitor television and radio for further information on the length of the evacuation order.
Family Disaster Supply Kit (72 hours)
If you cannot leave your home, or need to evacuate immediately and cannot return for several days you need to have a disaster kit readily available with essential items. Here is what you need:
1. one gallon of water per person per day for three days
2. canned meat/fruit/vegetables
3. battery operated radio and extra batteries
4. paper cups/plates/utensils
5. flashlight and extra batteries
6. cash or traveler checks
7. non-electric can opener
9. soap and liquid detergent
10. personal hygiene items
11. rain gear
12. shoes or work boots
13. blankets or sleeping bags
14. baby items
15. prescription medicines
16. a first aid kit.
Rules For Open Burning‐Permit Required
· (Failure to follow rules will result in revocation of permit and possible citation)
· Winds during the burn must be less than 6 mph. If winds increase during the burn the fire must be extinguished until conditions improve.
· Only brush or clean wood allowed by the fire department can be burned.
· Materials to be burned cannot be located any closer than 150 feet of a structure, power line, tree line, or other combustible material.
· The responsible party must have access to water or have on hand tools/equipment capable of extinguishing the fire.
· The ignition material cannot be gasoline by itself. A mixture of ½ diesel and ½ gasoline will be allowed.
· The burn cannot impact neighboring homes or businesses (smoke travel)
· There will be no burning at night.
· The responsible party must attend the burn at all times until fully extinguished.
· All debris left unburned must be removed within 14 days.
* Click on the U.S. Fire Administration below to find more fire safety hints*